What is the Key of David?

“To…the church in Philadelphia write, ‘These things says He who is holy, He who is true, “He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens” (REV. 3:7-13)

King David had a key and it was the secret to His success in God and life.  It resulted in governmental authority.

One thing I have desired of the LORD, that will I seek: that I may dwell in the house of the LORD all the days of my life, to behold the beauty of the LORD…. Psalm 27:4 (Written by David).
In that day the Branch of the LORD shall be beautiful and glorious… Isaiah 4:2

  1. David’s primary identity (value and success) was established in who he was spiritually or who he was in his intimacy with God. In other words, who he was before God as “one that God loved” then as “one who loved God” in return (overflowed to others). In this and by the anointing of the Spirit, David felt the power of being loved by God and of loving (God/others) in return. David’s primary paradigm of success was in being successful before God (which is ultimate success) with the “anointing to love and live in meekness.” This is a radical paradigm for living on earth.  I am my Beloved’s, and His desire is toward me. (Song 7:10)
  2. This was the first way in which David saw himself and measured (evaluated) the success of his life. In other words, he felt successful before God in context to how much he grew in the anointing of love. Based on this, Jesus told Martha that Mary of Bethany had chosen the best part of life which could not be taken from her (Lk. 10: 38-42). All that is truly of God leads us to grow in receiving more of His love (often this includes feeling its tenderness) or returning it to Him then overflowing in it (love and meekness) towards others. All that is of love lasts forever. This is the only reality that we will bring with us when we stand before God.
  3. Summary: David’s primary identity was in being one who was “loved (by God) and was a lover (to God/others) therefore, successful.” Because David felt the power of being loved and of loving, therefore, he felt successful even when his kingship was threatened.
  4. David’s primary attitude: walk in meekness. David’s primary attitude in each season of his life was to walk in meekness or with a servant spirit whether as a shepherd, armorbearer, fugitive or king. He expressed this in a practical way, by being faithful in the small things (mundane tasks). The only character trait Jesus proclaimed about Himself was His meekness.Take My yoke…learn from Me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart… (Mt. 11:29) …for I am gentle and humble in heart…( Mt. 11:29, NIV, NAS)


The house of prayer is a Prayer Movement built around the Tabernacle of David

  1. As the Holy Spirit increasingly brings the glory of Jesus to the forefront in the Church, there will be no need to convince anyone of the legitimacy or necessity of night and day worship. Love will compel them to stand before Him in adoration and spend their strength at His feet.
  2. The deepest affections of His people throughout the globe will be captured by His beauty and it will be our greatest joy to offer the perpetual incense of praise from the rising of the sun to its going down. This obsession with one thing was the key of David’s life, and it will be the passion of the Church.



7 To…the church in Philadelphia write, ‘These things says He who is holy, He who is true, “He who has the key of David, He who opens and no one shuts, and shuts and no one opens”

A.            Jesus emphasizes His faithful care and commitment to intervene to help those in difficulty.

1.            As a man, Jesus lived set apart fully to obey the Father. He understands what it means to walk out costly commitments among sinful people. He is a sympathetic high priest.

8 He learned obedience by the things which He suffered. (Heb. 5:8) 15 For we do not have a High Priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but was in all points tempted as we are, yet without sin. (Heb. 4:15)

2.            As God, He is transcendent (wholly “other than”) or infinitely superior to all. Therefore, He is worth whatever it costs to love and obey Him.

B.            Jesus is true or reliable in giving the extravagant promises in v. 12 that seem too good to be true.

C.            Jesus has the key of David. He is the ultimate King in David’s lineage who has authority over all the promises that God gave the son of David that are to be fulfilled in the Millennial Kingdom. For example, Jesus opens up the door to give positions to the faithful in His eternal kingdom. Jesus has authority over the nations now (Matt. 28:19). Jesus has the keys of the kingdom (Mt. 16:19) and keys over death and Hades (demonic realms).

D.            Rev. 3:7-13 is based on the prophecy that Isaiah gave about Shebna, King Hezekiah’s chief leader being removed from his government position to be replaced by Eliakim (Isa 22:15-25). God promised to place on Eliakim’s shoulder the “key to the house of David” so he could open and shut the doors of the royal resources to release God’s will in the kingdom of Israel.

22 The key of the house of David I will lay on his (Eliakim’s) shoulder; so he shall open, and no one shall shut; and he shall shut, and no one shall open…25 In that day…the peg (Eliakim’s position) that is fastened in the secure place will be removed… (Isa. 22:22, 25)

E.            Enemies seek to open doors of hostility and resistance against us to stop God’s will in our life but they cannot if Jesus shuts those doors. Saul with 3,000 soldiers sought to kill David but could not stop God’s will in David’s life (1 Sam. 24:2; 26:2). Neither men, nor demons, nor the Antichrist has the power to shut the doors that Jesus opens.  David had the power of God moving in His life related to the key of David, we also need Jesus to shut doors and open doors, and intimacy and intercession is the way into that.


Both David and Jesus lived on the earth seeking only to do the Father’s will and be close to Him in love, and in that were entrusted with great authority.  This is a key that we also can use and then access many doors through intercession.  Opening ones of power and revelation and also closing ones of attack.

Isaiah 22:20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that I will call my servant Eliakim the son of Hilkiah: 21 And I will clothe him with your robe, and strengthen him with your girdle, and I will commit your government into his hand: and he shall be a father to the inhabitants of Jerusalem, and to the house of Judah. 22And the key of the house of David will I lay upon his shoulder; so he shall open, and none shall shut; and he shall shut, and none shall open. 

Eliakim was a priest whose name means “God raises”, or “God sets up.”  Hilkiah was a high priest/Levite, who name means “my portion is Jehovah.”

This is a duel prophesy, speaking of Eliakim, but also of Jesus, this key was laid upon His shoulder, and He carried its spiritual authority while He was on the earth, now He reigns at the right hand of the Father.


5 responses to this post.

  1. Posted by lbolm on January 21, 2008 at 9:31 am

    Hi Brandon,
    Here is something you might find interesting;

    Isaiah 11
    1And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of Jesse, and a Branch shall grow out of his roots: 2And the spirit of the LORD shall rest upon him, the spirit of wisdom and understanding, the spirit of counsel and might, the spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD; 3And shall make him of quick understanding in the fear of the LORD: and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes, neither reprove after the hearing of his ears:
    4But with righteousness shall he judge the poor, and reprove with equity for the meek of the earth: and he shall smite the earth: with the rod of his mouth, and with the breath of his lips shall he slay the wicked.
    5And righteousness shall be the girdle of his loins, and faithfulness the girdle of his reins.

    Over in Rev 3 it talks of He who has the Key of David and He who has the 7 spirits of God. This is in reference to Jesus. In Isaiah 11[above] it gives 6 of those spirits, the seventh being He himself, His presence.

    Be Blessed in Christ


  2. Posted by David Archer on March 29, 2011 at 2:13 pm


    I like the website. Know that I am he that walked with the lord who received the anointing of the father. I am from England in a town called Tonbridge, rest assured this is where the bridegroom shall break forth. I will not be quiet any more for my bride is waiting and I shall not forsake the one I love.

    “We need voices filled with reality, not echoes… those in whom the Word has been made flesh by consecrated preparation.”


  3. Posted by Angela Nichole Washington on March 27, 2014 at 10:30 am

    Thank you Brandon! I have a sister and her family has been apart of IHOP for years…


  4. Posted by Gerald Chirwa on June 1, 2014 at 11:14 pm

    Just want to get back to my prayer life, I found this after our Pastor preached on the Key of David during our Morning glory on Saturday. Am blessed


  5. May God continue to bless you with these insights into our calling and into the nature of Yeshua our king.


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